Delicate orchids are gorgeous to give and receive. However, they have a reputation for being difficult to care for.

But don’t worry!

By following some simple guidelines, you can enjoy the beautiful blooms and gentle fragrance of your orchid for years to come.

1- Selecting a Pot

Orchid roots need sunlight in order for the plant to survive and grow. That’s why you’ll always see orchids in transparent pots.

It’s also very important to have several holes in the bottom of the pot and good drainage.  These flowers don’t like too much moisture.

2- Planting

As your orchid grows, keep a close eye on the roots of the plant.  If the roots begin to look crowded, it is time to repot your plant into a larger pot.

Use a good quality orchid potting mix, available from your local garden center or from an online florist.

3- Watering

In the winter time, it is enough to water your orchid once a week but in the summertime when there’s more heat and sunshine, water twice a week.

Always let the potting mix dry out before re-watering.

It is very important to avoid over-watering and always make sure that the pot is not sitting in water as this can cause the roots to rot.

4- Lighting

Orchids love sunlight so it’s best to place them in a sunny location but away from very harsh or hot sunlight.

Your orchid’s leaves should be the color of grass with slightly yellowish tones.

If they turn dark green, then the plant is not getting enough light.

5- Temperature / Humidity

Orchids like a warm, dry location away from extreme heat or cold.  In winter time, make sure your plant isn’t in an exposed or draughty place.

Likewise in the summertime, protect your orchid from very hot sunshine by moving it away from glass or out of direct sunlight.

6- Fertilize

When fertilizing orchids, less is definitely more.  Choose a plant fertilizer which is low in, or free from urea and dilute it down to 1/4 strength.

Water your plant before fertilizing it so that you don’t burn the roots.  Experts recommend feeding your orchids with a very weak fertilizer solution once a week.

7- Pruning

When your orchid has finished flowering, you’ll need to cut it back for new growth.  Wait until the last flower has finished blooming and look carefully at the spikes on the plant.

If the spikes are bright green and firm then they are healthy and you should trim down to one node below the lowest flower bloom.

Brown or yellow spikes are unhealthy so if your orchid has these, you’ll need to cut all the way back to the base of the plant.  Always use a sterilized blade to protect your plant from infection and disease.

8- Removing Pests and Diseases

Fungal diseases are the most common problem in growing orchids.  Ensuring that you don’t overwater your orchid can help to prevent this.

Dark spots on the leaves or blooms of your plant can indicate a fungal disease.  Regularly inspect your orchid to check for any signs of pests or diseases.

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